類          別研究分析報告
分          類400調查研究類
專題/叢書名 中華民國民營企業資金狀況調查抽樣及推估研究
研 究 單 位 調查中心
合 作 單 位
研 究 人 員 卓怡君,蔡雅玲,林儷菁,江芬芳,江佳慧
出 版 日 期2020/1/31
頁          數131
關   鍵   字資金,Funds
摘          要 本調查於108年3月21日取得之106年工業及服務業普查母體資料庫,係以此母體進行抽樣調查。因主計總處於108年11月1日再次提供修正後之106年工業及服務業普查母體資料庫,此修正後母體資料與3月提供有差異,本調查推估將以本次提供修正後106年資產總額進行推估。本報告中第二章母體分析、第三章抽樣設計與流程以及第四章調查樣本配置與回收狀況統計中所陳述之狀況,皆以主計總處於108年3月21日提供之母體為陳述基準,但自第五章母體推估統計後之各章節有關於本年調查107年之各項推估結果,其所採用之抽樣母體均以主計總處於108年11月1日再次提供最新106年資產總額為推估採用之變數。

1.因本計畫上年(107年)蒐集106年與105年資料時,調查所採用之推估母體(上市櫃以及抽樣母體(抽查層及全查層))為105年工業及服務業普查母體資料庫,其中母體資料庫之105年資產總額並非主計總處最後調查公布之105年資產總額,母體包含之單位亦非105年工業及服務業普查母體最終納入之單位,其中部分樣本行業別亦與105年工業及服務業普查母體公布結果不同,因此經與央行討論後決定,106年公布之資產負債數據將改以本年調查之106年外加本年調查推估母體107年時已註銷歇業之單位彙整後納入作為106年調查推估結果。

2.承上1,106年推估結果雖仍以本年調查結果為主再加入107年已註銷歇業之樣本,但106年與107年上市櫃樣本並不盡相同,107年上市上櫃共1,549家,而106年則有1,513家(原1,514家,但原上年調查時為上市上櫃樣本其中有一家最新已非本調查行業)。根據資料顯示106年與107年同為上市櫃樣本共計1,497家,其中107年上市櫃樣本中有52家非106年上市櫃樣本,而106年上市上櫃樣本有2家於107年已被其他企業合併因此不在最新提供母體中,另有5家雖存在本年調查母體,但歸屬抽查層而未被抽出因此未進行調查。

3.對於原在107年上市櫃但106年非上市櫃樣本,該類因已調查回收,因此全數歸入106年全查層統計。由於2家質借未在分配樣本數中,故上述樣本數未將納入此2樣本納入其他金融業統計。

4.依據11月取得最新母體,重新試算各類調查對象家數,由表7-2-5及表7-2-6,本年調查107年全查層家數為1,028家(民營企業919家、其他金融業109家 )、抽查層為4,170家(民營企業4,033家、其他金融業137家),上市上櫃為1,549家(民營企業1,514家、其他金融業35家),其中由銀行回收樣本全查層回收649家(民營企業586家、其他金融業63家),抽查層回收4,001家(民營企業3,876家、其他金融業125家),上市櫃回收1,548家(民營企業1,513家、其他金融業35家),其餘未能由銀行調查之樣本數,全數請主計總處協助提106年以及107年資產總額。爾後未回卷樣本106年與107年資產負債各科目再利用本年回收樣本資產總額進行攤提成為未回卷樣本。

5.根據主計總處提供最新母體推估後,本次調查107年底全體民營企業資產總額為57.0兆元,較上年底成長4.7%,負債總額為29.6兆元,較上年底成長6.2%,107年底權益為27.4兆元,較上年底成長3.1%,其中抽樣樣本107年資產總額推估結果占全體的51.64%,上市上櫃公司107年資產總額推估結果占全體的47.93%,新增公司則占0.43%;其他金融業107年底資產總額為8.5兆元,較上年底成長2.1%,負債總額為4.1兆元,較上年底成長7.5%,107年權益為4.4兆元,較上年底減少2.5%,其中抽樣樣本107年資產總額推估結果占全體的86.72%,上市上櫃公司107年資產總額推估結果占全體的11.15%,新增企業與其他則占2.11%,與民營企業比較,其他金融業受上市上櫃的影響較少。

This survey was conducted on March 21, 108 in the 106th Industrial and Service Census Population Database, which was used for sampling surveys. Since the main accounting department provided the revised database of industrial and service censuses for the census of 106 again on November 1, 108, the revised parent data is different from that provided in March. The survey estimates that the revised report will be based on the current provision of the revised 106 Annual assets are estimated. The conditions stated in Chapter 2 Maternal Analysis, Chapter 3 Sampling Design and Process, and Chapter 4 Survey Sample Allocation and Recycling Statistics in this report are based on the mothers provided by March 21, 108 However, since Chapter 5 of the parental estimation statistics, each chapter has the results of the 107 years of investigation in this year. The sampling populations used are all based on the main calculation at November 1, 108. Total assets are variables used in the estimation.

1. Because the plan collected the data of 106 and 105 in the previous year (107), the estimated parent body (listed cabinet and sampling parent (sampling level and full inspection level)) used in the survey was 105 years of industry and service industry. Census matrix database, in which the total assets of 105 years of the matrix database are not the total assets of 105 years announced in the last survey conducted by the main accounting department, and the units included in the matrix are not the units finally included in the 105 census of the industrial and service industry. It is also different from the results released in the 105 census of the industrial and service census, so after discussions with the central bank, it was decided that the assets and liabilities data released in 106 will be changed to 106 years of this year's survey plus 107 years of estimation of the mother's body Units that are cancelled and closed will be included as the result of the 106-year investigation and estimation.

2. According to the 1,106-year estimate, although the results of this year's survey are still based on the samples that were cancelled and went out of business in 107, the samples of 106 and 107 listed cabinets are not the same. However, there were 1,513 in 106 (the original 1,514, but in the previous year's survey, the sample was listed on the counter and one of the latest is no longer the survey industry). According to the data, there were 1,497 samples of 106 and 107 listed cabinets in the same year. Among them, 52 of the samples of 107 listed cabinets were non-106 listed cabinet samples, and 2 of the 106 listed cabinet samples were listed in 107 As a result, the business combination was not among the latest provided parent bodies. Although 5 other parent entities existed in this year's investigation, they belonged to the random inspection layer and were not selected. Therefore, no investigation was conducted.

3. For the samples of the original listed cabinets in 107 but unlisted cabinets in 106, this category has been investigated and recovered, so all of them are included in the full-level inspection statistics of 106 years. As the two pledges were not included in the sample distribution, the above sample numbers were not included in the statistics of other financial industries.

4. Based on the latest population obtained in November, re-calculate the number of households under various investigations. From Table 7-2-5 and Table 7-2-6, the number of households surveyed in 107 this year is 1,028 (private enterprise 919) Companies, 109 other financial industries), 4,170 spot checks (4,033 private enterprises, 137 other financial industries), and 1,549 listed companies (1,514 private enterprises, 35 other financial industries), of which the banks will collect them The sample inspection layer recovered 649 (586 private enterprises, 63 other financial industries), the sample inspection layer recovered 4,001 (3,876 private enterprises, 125 other financial industries), and 1,548 listed cabinets (1,513 private enterprises, other 35 in the financial industry), and the rest of the samples that could not be investigated by the bank, please ask the General Accounting Office for assistance in raising the total assets in 106 and 107. The unrecovered samples of the assets and liabilities of 106 and 107 in the following years will be used to amortize the total assets recovered in the sample to become unrecovered samples.

5. According to the latest math estimates provided by the General Accounting Office, the total assets of all private enterprises at the end of this survey were 57.0 trillion yuan at the end of 107, an increase of 4.7% over the end of the previous year, and the total liabilities were 29.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.2% at the end of the previous year. 107 Equity at the end of the year was 27.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.1% over the end of the previous year. Among them, the estimated total assets of 107 in the sample sample accounted for 51.64% of the total, and the estimated total assets of 107 listed companies on the counter accounted for 47.93% of the total. It accounted for 0.43%; the total assets of other financial industries at the end of 107 were 8.5 trillion yuan, an increase of 2.1% over the end of the previous year, the total liabilities were 4.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.5% compared to the end of the previous year, and the equity in 107 was 4.4 trillion yuan, a decrease from the end of the previous year. 2.5%, of which the estimated total assets of 107 years in the sample sample accounted for 86.72% of the total, the estimated total assets of 107 companies in the listed company accounted for 11.15% of the total assets, 2.11% of new enterprises and others, compared with private enterprises Other financial industries are less affected by listing and listing.
目          錄 第一章    調查概述 1
第一節    調查目的 1
第二節    計畫目標 1
第三節    調查範圍與內容 2

第二章    母體分析 8
第一節    抽樣母體 9
第二節    上市上櫃公司 16
第三節    新增企業 19

第三章    抽樣設計與流程 21
第一節    全查層之決定 22
第二節    抽查層之抽樣設計 32

第四章    調查樣本配置與回收狀況統計 44
第一節    樣本整理與配置 44
第二節    請主計總處與財政資訊中心提供之資料 55
第三節    資料建檔與資料複查 61

第五章    母體推估統計 66
第一節    母體推估 67
第二節    推估結果 71

第六章    抽樣誤差探討 73
第一節    抽查層抽樣誤差估計公式 73
第二節    抽樣誤差計算結果 76

第七章    最新取得母體變動分析 77
第一節    抽樣母體之差異 78
第二節    兩次推估母體之資產總額及家數 82

第八章    調查結果分析 96
第一節    民營企業 97
第二節    其他金融業 107
第三節    上市上櫃公司 114

參考文獻 126
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