類          別研究分析報告
分          類104資源、能源及環境研究
專題/叢書名 永續發展目標關聯與政策一致性之探討
研 究 單 位 研究五所
合 作 單 位
研 究 人 員 黃釋緯,洪承豊,李偲瑋,李瑞淇
出 版 日 期2022/6/30
頁          數87
關   鍵   字聯合國2030議程,永續發展目標,政策一致性,UN Agenda 2030, Sustainable Development Goals, Policy Coherence
摘          要 聯合國於2015年通過《2030永續發展議程(Agenda 2030)》及17項永續發展目標(Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs),其廣泛性與複雜性構成政策發展與推動之挑戰,若僅側重個別核心目標之經濟結果,未能充分考慮外部性及其對社會、公平或環境之交互影響,更容易形成不同政策間之牴觸。因此,經濟合作暨發展組織(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD)之「2019年永續發展政策一致性(Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development 2019)」報告建議,各國應加強永續發展政策之一致性為達成永續發展目標之關鍵,我國永續會第33次委員會議亦決議,應就臺灣永續發展目標進行關聯性分析。

本研究參考國際研究文獻及國際資料,分析臺灣永續發展目標之外部關聯性及內在關聯性。外部關聯性部分,本研究比較臺灣永續發展目標與SDGs之異同;內部關聯性部分,本研究兼採歐盟「鏈結分析」(interlinkage)方法,以M. Nilsson等(2016)之評級方法為基礎,將臺灣永續發展目標之143項具體目標做為比較標的,進行關係網絡分析,以計畫團隊與專家顧問為主分為3個檢視階段:研究人員檢視階段、計畫主持人檢視階段及專家顧問檢視階段,進而獲得最終結論,並研提後續研究建議。

本研究發現,臺灣永續發展目標相較於SDGs,架構相似,均以三層次即核心目標、具體目標、對應指標等方式進行規範,臺灣永續發展目標在MOI部分則與SDGs有所差異,另我國部分議題已發展成熟,故在SDGs原先之要求之上,再加入更高的目標追求;此外,臺灣永續發展目標之核心目標多有關聯,而其中核心目標13最具關聯,核心目標18與其他目標關聯性最低,具體目標層級則以具體目標13.1最具關聯,其次為2.a、10.6、13.3及17.8,主要為投入永續創新、促進永續發展素養與觀念溝通、增進國際共識與夥伴合作。

本研究建議未來推動應考量國際趨勢與臺灣永續發展目標之內在關聯,以核心目標13為優先,並應積極促進各核心目標間之共同合作,並且將企業及非營利組織如何落實永續發展,列為未來政策規劃需注意之重點。

The United Nations adopted the “Agenda 2030” and set a collection of 17 global goals for sustainable development as “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)” in 2015. The breadth and complexity of SDGs constitute a challenge for policy development and promotion. The favor of economic results while neglecting the externality or the interactive effects on dimensions of society, equity, and the environment, is more likely to form conflicts between different policies. Therefore, OECD suggests that economies should strengthen the coherence of sustainable development policies as a key to achieving the SDGs. Taiwan also recognized the importance of coherence analysis to Taiwan Sustainable Development Goals (T-SDGs) with a decision by the 33rd Committee Meeting of the NCSD.

This study refers to international literature to figure out the external and internal correlations of T-SDGs. In the part of external correlation, this study compares and contrasts the content in T-SDGs and SDGs; in the part of internal correlation, this study also adopts the EU "interlinkage" method and the rating approach by M. Nilsson et al. (2016) on goals and targets of T-SDGs. It aims to carry out a network analysis through 3 review phases of researcher, project moderator, and expert consultants, gets the final conclusion and makes recommendations for follow-up research.

This study found that T-SDGs set a similar structure compared to the SDGs, and are structuralized in three levels──goals, targets, and indicators. But T-SDGs is different from the SDGs in the MOI part. In addition, as there are some issues that Taiwan has more mature solutions, the higher goals are added to the requirements of the SDGs. Goals of T-SDGs are mostly related, and among them, the Goals 13 are the most relevant, Goal 18 is the least related to other goals as well. In targets level, Target 13.1 is the most related target, followed by 2.a, 10.6, 13.3 and 17.8. It shows the policies of investing in sustainable innovations, promoting sustainable development concept and communication, also enhancing international consensus and partnership are the urgent solutions.

This study suggests that future promotion should consider the internal correlation between T-SDGs and the international trends. As Goal 13 is the top priority goal, we should facilitate cooperation among each goal and pay attention to the participation of Business and NGOs.
目          錄 第一章、 緒論 1
一、計畫緣起 1
二、研究課題 1
三、研究目的 3
四、預期成果 3

第二章、永續發展目標及相關文獻回顧 5
一、聯合國永續發展目標 5
二、臺灣國家永續發展目標 10
三、SDGs目標關聯性之相關研究 11

第三章、研究方法與執行架構 19
一、「政策一致性」與SDGs關聯分析研究方法簡介 19
二、整體研究架構 27

第四章、相關研究之介紹與探討 29
一、議題角度之SDGs一致性分析 29
二、整體SDGs一致性分析 37

第五章、我國永續發展目標關聯性初探 41
一、外在關聯性 41
二、內在關聯性 44

第六章、結論與建議 51
一、研究結論 51
二、研究建議 53

參考文獻 55

附件一、期初報告審查意見及回覆表 57
附件二、期末報告審查意見及回覆表 61
附件三、期末報告(修正版)審查意見及回覆表 67
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