類          別研究分析報告
分          類104資源、能源及環境研究
專題/叢書名 公民電廠發展歷程與創新推動模式
研 究 單 位 研究一所
合 作 單 位
研 究 人 員 林若蓁,林冠廷
出 版 日 期2021/3/31
頁          數11
關   鍵   字綠能, 公民參與, 公民電廠, 區塊鏈, 創新商業模式, Green energy, citizen power plants, public participation, blockchain, innovative business mode
摘          要 再生能源初期需投入之資金龐大,主要係仰賴各國政府以政策推動,如躉購電價制度或再生能源憑證制度,綠能自由市場機制與法規方逐漸形成。為提升民眾參與度及發展區域能源自主性,公民電廠概念被納入能源政策白皮書中,國內政府與民間開始推廣公民電廠的概念,並結合區塊鏈技術發展出多樣創新推動模式,提供民眾參與綠色能源投資方式。本研究探討再生能源交易市場之發展歷程,從德國、日本與台灣公民電廠推動案例中研析發展現況與限制,並探討透過區塊鏈技術結合再生能源投資的創新商業模式。由於設置太陽能等再生能源有賴於民眾參與及溝通,為了擴大民眾參與,公民電廠概念已開始在多個縣市推動,並持續累積社區、開發商合夥、地方政府合作、多社區合作、公益捐款等各型態之案例,產業亦發展出綠能投資平台模式,提供民眾參與再生能源機會。此外,在區塊鏈技術結合再生能源投資,可提供減緩個別案場風險、擴大國內外出資人與案場來源、提高民眾對區塊鏈技術接受度等突破,有望擴大民眾參與以及使用綠電。在不斷推陳出新的綠能投資商業模式衍生下,除可提供新興再生能源參與管道外,也能作為未來推廣至其他再生能源投資之基礎,為能源轉型與公民參與提供新助益。

The investment of renewable energy needs a huge amount of funds in the initial stage, and thus it mainly relies on governments promotion of various policies, such as Feed-in Tariff or renewable energy certificate, to form the green energy free market mechanism. In order to enhance public participation and develop regional energy independence, the concept of citizen power company has been included in the Taiwan’s Energy Transition White Paper. The domestic government and the private sector began to promote the concept of citizen power company, and combined with blockchain technology to develop variety of innovative promotion models and provide citizens with ways to participate in green energy investment. This research explores the development history of the renewable energy trading market, studies the development status and limitations from the promotion of citizen power plants in Germany, Japan, and Taiwan, and analyzes innovative business models that combine renewable energy investment through blockchain technology. Since the installation of renewable energy such as solar energy relies on public participation and communication, the concept of citizen power company has been promoted and continued to accumulate various cooperation types like community partnership, developer partnership, local government cooperation, multi-community cooperation, public welfare donations, etc. Also, green energy investment platform model has been developed to provide people with opportunities to participate in renewable energy. In addition, the combination of renewable energy investment in blockchain technology can provide breakthroughs such as mitigating individual case risks, expanding domestic and foreign investors and case sources, and increasing public acceptance of blockchain technology. It is expected to expand public participation and use of green electricity. With the continuous growth of new green energy investment business models, it can also be used as the basis for future promotion to other renewable energy investments, providing new benefits for energy transition and citizen participation.
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